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Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2015, Page: 66-68
Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Adults (20 to 40 Years of Age) in Coimbatore
K. Kavitha, Dept of Food and Nutrition, P S G College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
K. Anusuya Devi, Dept of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, P S G College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Received: Jan. 7, 2015;       Accepted: Jan. 30, 2015;       Published: Feb. 6, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150401.19      View  2617      Downloads  136
Abstract
The metabolic syndrome has acknowledged a primary attention in the last few years. It is defined as a cluster of specific cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, comprised of central obesity, elevated blood pressure, high triglycerides, reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and elevated fasting glucose levels. Several studies have identified that there is a significant association of Metabolic Syndrome with pancreatic, colorectal, breast and prostatic cancer. Most of the cities in India are also undergoing rapid urbanization with increased industrialization and there by facing an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and adoption of other unhealthy lifestyles which leads to rise in prevalence of non communicable diseases. Lot of work is being done on metabolic syndrome in the recent times but most of them have been confined to hospitals and very few studies have been conducted at community level. Therefore this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in the adult population of Coimbatore City which is an important industrial hub of Tamilnadu. 992 persons participated in the survey and 300 samples with increased waist circumference were selected for Anthropometric measurement & physiological indices. This study has revealed that the people with increased Waist Circumference (Central Obesity) are in the metabolic syndrome zone with the result of 83% of the obese samples are with Metabolic syndrome. This study also revealed that around 47% are in metabolic syndrome zone with the presence of 3 components and they could be in out of metabolic syndrome zone very easily just by reducing only one component. Though 17.66 % of the persons are out of metabolic syndrome zone, 16.66% have 2 components and the probability to enter in to the metabolic syndrome zone is very high for them as they have central obesity which may leads to pre diabetics easily if they don’t take at most care.
Keywords
Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence, Adults
To cite this article
K. Kavitha, K. Anusuya Devi, Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome Among Adults (20 to 40 Years of Age) in Coimbatore, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2015, pp. 66-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150401.19
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