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Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2015, Page: 541-548
A Renewable Natural Bioactive Polysaccharide: An Overview to Chitosan
Büşra Ayhan, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Nevin Şanlier, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Received: Jul. 30, 2015;       Accepted: Aug. 11, 2015;       Published: Aug. 21, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150405.15      View  5174      Downloads  196
Abstract
Chitin is a polysaccharide, which can be found in the structures of some insects, yeasts and fungi in nature. Chitosan is a compound, which is obtained by de – acetylation of chitin. Apart from that, there is chitosan naturally on the cell walls of some fungi, in yeasts and protozoa and in the outer shells of crustaceans. Chitosan is a molecule, which is frequently used in health field and food industry. It is frequently used in bioactive packing especially for its antibacterial effect. In addition, it is used in many areas such as waste treatment for its antioxidant feature. Areas of use of chitosan are expanding because it is an edible agent and because of its low level of toxic activity, and new areas of use are discovered everyday in good and health sectors
Keywords
Chitosan, Chitin, Antimicrobial
To cite this article
Büşra Ayhan, Nevin Şanlier, A Renewable Natural Bioactive Polysaccharide: An Overview to Chitosan, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2015, pp. 541-548. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150405.15
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