Archive




Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Page: 36-39
Effects of Fluoride of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) Meal on Accumulation and Weight of Mice
Yue Yuan, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai, China; Liaoning Province Dalian Ocean Fishery Group of Corp, Dalian, China
Haifeng Yu, Anshan Institute for Food and Drug Control, Anshan, China
Youqiong Cai, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai, China
Hai Chi, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai, China
Received: Apr. 8, 2019;       Published: Jul. 19, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20190802.12      View  186      Downloads  50
Abstract
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) possesses rich nutritional value, large fishing capacity and potentials for processing and utilization. However, the development and utilization of Antarctic krill is impeded by its high fluorine contents. In this study, Antarctic krill meal and sodium fluoride solution (300 mg/L) were selected as the study objects to feeding mice, and the effects of fluoride on accumulation and weight gained in small intestine, blood, liver, and kidney femur of mice were investigated. The results showed that the contents of small intestine, blood, liver and kidney in the group of the mice fed with Antarctic krill and sodium fluoride remained less than 1 mg/kg, which was slightly higher than that of the blank control group (p<0.05). The fluoride contents in the femur of mice fed with Antarctic krill meal and sodium fluoride solution were ten times higher than that of the blank control group, indicating that the fluorine in Antarctic krill meal was likely different from the chemical fluorine in sodium fluoride. No signification difference on accumulation of fluoride was found in the small intestine, blood, liver and kidney of mice, but fluorine from Antarctic krill meal and sodium fluoride was obviously deposited in the femur of mice. On the other hands, the weight gained rate of mice in the sodium fluoride group was 3.22%, and that of mice in Antarctic krill meal group was 7.81%, both of that were significantly lower than that in the blank group (12.87%). The results showed that the fluorine in Antarctic krill meal inhibited the growth of mice, but its specific absorption, metabolism and transformation process in the body still needed to be further studied.
Keywords
Antarctic Krill Meal, Fluoride, Absorption Metabolism, Weight Gained
To cite this article
Yue Yuan, Haifeng Yu, Youqiong Cai, Hai Chi, Effects of Fluoride of Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) Meal on Accumulation and Weight of Mice, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 36-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20190802.12
Reference
[1]
Chi H., Li XY, Yang XS. Processing status and utilization strategies of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) in China [J]. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 2013, 5 (3): 275-281.
[2]
Tou J C, Jaczynski J, Chen Y C. Krill for human consumption: nutritional value and potential health benefits [J]. Nutrition Reviews, 2007, 65 (2): 63-77.
[3]
Nicol S, Endo Y. Krill fisheries of the world [R]. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 1997, 367: 9-16.
[4]
Nicol S, Foster J. Recent trends in the fishery for Antarctic krill [J]. Aquatic Living Resources, 2003, 16: 42-45.
[5]
Chi H, Li XY, Yang XS. Research progress on process and utlization of Antarctic krill [J]. Natural Product Reseach and Development, 2010, 22: 283-287.
[6]
Sayed Z. South ocean ecology. The biomass perspective. El-sayed, Cambrige University Press. 1997, UK.
[7]
Zhang H, Cheng X, Zhu B. Biogeochemistry research of fluoride in Antarctic krill [J]. Antarctic Research, 1993, 4: 55-61.
[8]
Xie CL, Kim HS, Shim KB. Organic acid extraction of proteins with low fluoride level from Antarctic krill [J]. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2012, 15: 203-207.
[9]
Sands M, Nicol S, McMinn A. Fluoride in Antarctic marine crustaceans [J]. Marine Biology, 1998, 132: 591-598.
[10]
Jung HR, Kim M., Seo YS, et al. Decreasing effect of fluoride content in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) by chemical treatments [J]. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2013, 48: 1252-1259.
[11]
FDA. Whole fish protein concentrate. Code of Federal Regulations. 2012, 21CFR172.385.
[12]
Pan JM, Zhang HS, Liu XY. The fluiride enrichment mechanics of Antarctic krill I. The fluoride chemical formation [J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2002, 22 (2): 58-64.
[13]
Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China, National Standardization Administration Committee of China. Determination of Fluorine in Foods [S]. GB/T5009. 18-2003.
[14]
Jung HR, Kim MA, Seo YS, et al. Decreasing effect of fluoride content in Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) by chemical treatments [J]. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2013, 48: 1252-1259.
[15]
Shen XS, Li YL, Zhang HY, et al. Distribution and relationship of fluoride and mineral elements in Antarctic krill [J]. Modern Food Science and Technology, 2013, 9 (29): 2279-2282.
[16]
Soevik T, Braekkan O R. Fluoride in Antarctic Krill (Euphausia superba) and Atlantic Krill [J]. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 1979, 36 (11): 1414-1416.
[17]
Ringe JD, Meunier PJ. What is the future for fluoride in the treatment of osteoporosis? [J]. Osteoporosis International, 1995, 5: 71-74.
[18]
Yoshitomi B, Aoki M, Oshima S. Effect of total replacement of dietary fish meal by low fluoride krill (Euphausia superba) meal on growth performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in fresh water [J]. Aquaculture, 2007, 266 (1): 219-225.
Browse journals by subject