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Research Article |

Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Three Regions with High-Security Challenges in Burkina Faso: The North-Central, North and East Regions

Appropriate infant and young child feeding is essential to reduce mortality among children under 2 in emergency situations. Burkina Faso has been facing a growing humanitarian crisis since December 2018, which has resulted in large numbers of internally displaced people in several regions of the country, including the North, North-Central and East. The aim of the present study was to assess Infant and Young Child Feeding practices among IDPs and hosts in these regions. A structured questionary was administrated to 669 mothers and caregivers of children aged 0 to 23 months in 650 households to collect data on breastfeeding and feeding practices for children aged 0 to 23 months. Results showed better colostrum consumption (98%), early breastfeeding (99.5%) and exclusive breastfeeding (83.3%) practices for the Eastern region. The best rates of introduction of solid (84.6%), semi-solid or soft (61.8%) foods, minimum meal frequency and acceptable food intake (17.2%) were observed in the Northern region. Certain factors were strongly associated with minimum dietary diversity in children aged 6 to 23 for the North-Central (AOR = 2.61; 95% CI: 1.07-6.42; P = 0.036), North (AOR = 8.73; 95% CI: 3.80-20.06; P = 0.000), mother's level of education "secondary and above" (AOR = 1.94; 95% CI: 0.99-3.80; p = 0.052 ), for a household owns its dwelling (AOR = 1.93; 95% CI: 1.05-3.54; p = 0.033), for an improved household water source (AOR = 4.11; 95% CI: 1.11-15.17; p = 0.034) and for a mother familiar with plumpy nut (AOR = 2.55; 95% CI: 1.25-5.18; p = 0.010). In Burkina Faso's security-challenged areas, nutrition education and social behavior change communication with mothers and caregivers must be at the heart of any strategy to improve infant and young child feeding.

Breastfeeding, Feeding, Infant, Young Children, Internally Displaced Person, Host Population

Souleymane Sankara, Sibiri Bougma, Ines Wendlassida Zaheira Kere, Souleymane Zio, Moussa Ouédraogo, et al. (2023). Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Three Regions with High-Security Challenges in Burkina Faso: The North-Central, North and East Regions . International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 12(5), 138-147.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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