International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

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Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia

Received: 31 August 2014    Accepted: 15 September 2014    Published: 20 September 2014
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Abstract

Introduction: Appropriate complementary feeding is critical for the achievement of a healthy growth and development and mere survival of young children. Lack of appropriate breast-feeding and complementary feeding practice are the main cause of under nutrition. An estimated 32% of children under five years in developing countries are stunted and 10% are wasted. Objective: To assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practice and associated factors among mothers of children aged from 6 to 24 months living in Axum town, North Ethiopia. Methods: Community based cross- sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. A sample of 422 subjects was selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested interviewer administered structured questionnaires. The data were cleaned, coded, entered in to EPI-INFO version 3.5.1, and transferred and analysed using SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 422 study participants, 223 (52.8%) have started complementary feeding practices to their child timely. Married women [AOR=2.490; 95% CI: (1.170, 5.301)] and attended ANC follow up [AOR=3.874; 95% CI: (1.805, 8.314)] were positively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. On the other hand, mothers whose husband cannot read and write [AOR=0.358; 95% CI :( 0.148, 0.863)], household size of 4-6 (AOR=0.34; 95%CI: 0.16, 0.74) and mothers who delivered at home (AOR=0.338; 95%CI: 0.12, 0.99) were negatively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Conclusion and recommendation: Timely initiation of complementary feeding practice was relatively low in the study area. Mother’s marital status, husband education, family size, mother’s ANC follow-up, and mother’s place of delivery were significantly associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Nutritional counseling, promoting ANC follow up, nutrition education & enhancing institution delivery were recommended to the concerned bodies.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2014)
Page(s) 438-442
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Complementary Feeding, Timely Initiation, Practice, Axum Town

References
[1] Peletier DL, Frongillo EA, Schroeder DG and Habicht JP. The effect of malnutrition no child mortality in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ1995,73(4): 443-8
[2] WHO; Global Strategy for Infant and Young child feeding, Geneva; 2003
[3] Lowa wic program: breastfeeding promotion and support guideline for healthyfull term infant lowa department of public health August 2001.
[4] Gareth J, Richard WS, Robert EB, Zulfiqar AB, and Saul SM: How many child deaths can we prevent this year? Lancet 2003,362(9377):65-71
[5] Colline D, and Ytes,R. The need to update the classification of acute malnutrition. The lancet 2008, 4(362): 249-250.
[6] Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2011.
[7] Alive and thrive baseline survey: report on IYCF practice, beliefs and influence in Tigray and SNNPR, Addis Ababa 2010.
[8] Sinhababu A, Mukhopadhyay DK. Panja,TK, Saren AB, Mandal NK and Biswas AB: Infant and young child-feeding practice in Bankura district, west Bengal-India. Journal of health, population and nutrition 2010, 294-9.
[9] Federal Ministry of Health: Family Health Department, Ethiopia. National Strategy for infant and young child feeding 2004.
[10] World Health Organization: Infant and Young Child Feeding. A Tool for Assessing National Practices, Policies and Programs. Geneva 2003.
[11] Joshi N et al: Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Nepal. Secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006.
[12] Kabir.I et.al: Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in infant and young children in Bangladesh. Secondary data analysis of Demographic Health Survey 2007. Maternal and Child Nutrition 2012, 8 (1): 11–27 11.
[13] Senarath U et al. Determinants of inappropriate complementary feeding practices in young children in Sri Lanka. Secondary data analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2006-2007.
[14] Wuehler S.E., Hess SY. and Brown, KH: Accelerating improvements in nutritional and health status of young children in the Sahel region of Sub-Saharan Africa. Review of international guidelines on infant and young child feeding and nutrition: Maternal & Child Nutrition 2011, 7: 6–34.
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    Samson Yemane, Tadesse Awoke, Measho Gebreslassie. (2014). Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 3(5), 438-442. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21

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    Samson Yemane; Tadesse Awoke; Measho Gebreslassie. Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2014, 3(5), 438-442. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21

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    AMA Style

    Samson Yemane, Tadesse Awoke, Measho Gebreslassie. Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2014;3(5):438-442. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21,
      author = {Samson Yemane and Tadesse Awoke and Measho Gebreslassie},
      title = {Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {3},
      number = {5},
      pages = {438-442},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20140305.21},
      abstract = {Introduction: Appropriate complementary feeding is critical for the achievement of a healthy growth and development and mere survival of young children. Lack of appropriate breast-feeding and complementary feeding practice are the main cause of under nutrition. An estimated 32% of children under five years in developing countries are stunted and 10% are wasted. Objective: To assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practice and associated factors among mothers of children aged from 6 to 24 months living in Axum town, North Ethiopia. Methods: Community based cross- sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. A sample of 422 subjects was selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested interviewer administered structured questionnaires. The data were cleaned, coded, entered in to EPI-INFO version 3.5.1, and transferred and analysed using SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 422 study participants, 223 (52.8%) have started complementary feeding practices to their child timely. Married women [AOR=2.490;  95% CI: (1.170, 5.301)] and attended ANC follow up [AOR=3.874; 95% CI: (1.805, 8.314)] were positively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. On the other hand, mothers whose husband cannot read and write [AOR=0.358;  95% CI :( 0.148, 0.863)], household size of 4-6 (AOR=0.34; 95%CI: 0.16, 0.74) and mothers who delivered at home (AOR=0.338; 95%CI: 0.12, 0.99) were negatively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Conclusion and recommendation: Timely initiation of complementary feeding practice was relatively low in the study area. Mother’s marital status, husband education, family size, mother’s ANC follow-up, and mother’s place of delivery were significantly associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Nutritional counseling, promoting ANC follow up, nutrition education & enhancing institution delivery were recommended to the concerned bodies.},
     year = {2014}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia
    AU  - Samson Yemane
    AU  - Tadesse Awoke
    AU  - Measho Gebreslassie
    Y1  - 2014/09/20
    PY  - 2014
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21
    T2  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    SP  - 438
    EP  - 442
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-2716
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21
    AB  - Introduction: Appropriate complementary feeding is critical for the achievement of a healthy growth and development and mere survival of young children. Lack of appropriate breast-feeding and complementary feeding practice are the main cause of under nutrition. An estimated 32% of children under five years in developing countries are stunted and 10% are wasted. Objective: To assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practice and associated factors among mothers of children aged from 6 to 24 months living in Axum town, North Ethiopia. Methods: Community based cross- sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. A sample of 422 subjects was selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested interviewer administered structured questionnaires. The data were cleaned, coded, entered in to EPI-INFO version 3.5.1, and transferred and analysed using SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 422 study participants, 223 (52.8%) have started complementary feeding practices to their child timely. Married women [AOR=2.490;  95% CI: (1.170, 5.301)] and attended ANC follow up [AOR=3.874; 95% CI: (1.805, 8.314)] were positively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. On the other hand, mothers whose husband cannot read and write [AOR=0.358;  95% CI :( 0.148, 0.863)], household size of 4-6 (AOR=0.34; 95%CI: 0.16, 0.74) and mothers who delivered at home (AOR=0.338; 95%CI: 0.12, 0.99) were negatively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Conclusion and recommendation: Timely initiation of complementary feeding practice was relatively low in the study area. Mother’s marital status, husband education, family size, mother’s ANC follow-up, and mother’s place of delivery were significantly associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Nutritional counseling, promoting ANC follow up, nutrition education & enhancing institution delivery were recommended to the concerned bodies.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

  • Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

  • Department of Health Service Management and Health Economics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Ethiopia

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