International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

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Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir

Received: 27 March 2015    Accepted: 25 April 2015    Published: 8 May 2015
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Abstract

The study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 in ELFORA export abattoir. The aim of this study was to identify and determine the major causes of organ and carcass condemnation and to estimate financial losses attributed to the condemned organs and carcasses from sheep and goats slaughtered in the abattoir. Standard antemortem and postmortem inspection procedures were followed throughout the study. Antemortem inspection was carried out in the lairage. There were higher record of nasal discharge, coughing, depression and lameness in both species. Postmortem examinations were conducted through their identification number to detect gross abnormalities and aesthetic reasons that rendered each organ to be rejected from the view of local and international markets. A total of 384 sheep and 384 goats slaughtered in the abattoir were included in the study. From these slaughtered animals, 768 organs and carcasses were examined. The study revealed that a total of 325 (42.3%) livers, 285 (37%) lungs, 40 (5.20%) hearts, 76 (9.90%) kidneys and 42 (5.46%) carcasses were rejected due to various causes. Stelesia hepatica (38.3%), pneumonia (60%), pericarditis (54.3%) and nephritis (35.3%) were found to be the major causes responsible for rejection of respective organs and carcass. The annual loss due to the rejection of organs and carcasses from the small ruminants slaughtered in ELFORA export abattoir is estimated to be 79,894.58 USD. In conclusions results of the present study justify immediate need of prevention of various pathogens that causes organ and carcass condemnation and pathological abnormalities through development of animal health delivery, enforcement of slaughter policy, education on animal welfare/humane slaughter, and training of slaughterhouse personnel on standard slaughter operations.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24
Published in International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015)
Page(s) 364-372
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Sheep, Goats, Organ, Carcass, Condemnation, Export Abattoir, Antemortem Inspection, Postmortem Examination, Financial Loss

References
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    Aynalem Mandefro, Kassaye Aragaw, Birhanu Hailu, Gezahegn Alemayehu, Gemechu Chala. (2015). Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences, 4(3), 364-372. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24

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    Aynalem Mandefro; Kassaye Aragaw; Birhanu Hailu; Gezahegn Alemayehu; Gemechu Chala. Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir. Int. J. Nutr. Food Sci. 2015, 4(3), 364-372. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24

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    AMA Style

    Aynalem Mandefro, Kassaye Aragaw, Birhanu Hailu, Gezahegn Alemayehu, Gemechu Chala. Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2015;4(3):364-372. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24,
      author = {Aynalem Mandefro and Kassaye Aragaw and Birhanu Hailu and Gezahegn Alemayehu and Gemechu Chala},
      title = {Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir},
      journal = {International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences},
      volume = {4},
      number = {3},
      pages = {364-372},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijnfs.20150403.24},
      abstract = {The study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 in ELFORA export abattoir. The aim of this study was to identify and determine the major causes of organ and carcass condemnation and to estimate financial losses attributed to the condemned organs and carcasses from sheep and goats slaughtered in the abattoir. Standard antemortem and postmortem inspection procedures were followed throughout the study. Antemortem inspection was carried out in the lairage. There were higher record of nasal discharge, coughing, depression and lameness in both species. Postmortem examinations were conducted through their identification number to detect gross abnormalities and aesthetic reasons that rendered each organ to be rejected from the view of local and international markets. A total of 384 sheep and 384 goats slaughtered in the abattoir were included in the study. From these slaughtered animals, 768 organs and carcasses were examined. The study revealed that a total of 325 (42.3%) livers, 285 (37%) lungs, 40 (5.20%) hearts, 76 (9.90%) kidneys and 42 (5.46%) carcasses were rejected due to various causes. Stelesia hepatica (38.3%), pneumonia (60%), pericarditis (54.3%) and nephritis (35.3%) were found to be the major causes responsible for rejection of respective organs and carcass. The annual loss due to the rejection of organs and carcasses from the small ruminants slaughtered in ELFORA export abattoir is estimated to be 79,894.58 USD. In conclusions results of the present study justify immediate need of prevention of various pathogens that causes organ and carcass condemnation and pathological abnormalities through development of animal health delivery, enforcement of slaughter policy, education on animal welfare/humane slaughter, and training of slaughterhouse personnel on standard slaughter operations.},
     year = {2015}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Major Cause of Organ and Carcass Condemnation and Its Financial Loss at Bishoftu Elfora Export Abattoir
    AU  - Aynalem Mandefro
    AU  - Kassaye Aragaw
    AU  - Birhanu Hailu
    AU  - Gezahegn Alemayehu
    AU  - Gemechu Chala
    Y1  - 2015/05/08
    PY  - 2015
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24
    T2  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
    SP  - 364
    EP  - 372
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-2716
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150403.24
    AB  - The study was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 in ELFORA export abattoir. The aim of this study was to identify and determine the major causes of organ and carcass condemnation and to estimate financial losses attributed to the condemned organs and carcasses from sheep and goats slaughtered in the abattoir. Standard antemortem and postmortem inspection procedures were followed throughout the study. Antemortem inspection was carried out in the lairage. There were higher record of nasal discharge, coughing, depression and lameness in both species. Postmortem examinations were conducted through their identification number to detect gross abnormalities and aesthetic reasons that rendered each organ to be rejected from the view of local and international markets. A total of 384 sheep and 384 goats slaughtered in the abattoir were included in the study. From these slaughtered animals, 768 organs and carcasses were examined. The study revealed that a total of 325 (42.3%) livers, 285 (37%) lungs, 40 (5.20%) hearts, 76 (9.90%) kidneys and 42 (5.46%) carcasses were rejected due to various causes. Stelesia hepatica (38.3%), pneumonia (60%), pericarditis (54.3%) and nephritis (35.3%) were found to be the major causes responsible for rejection of respective organs and carcass. The annual loss due to the rejection of organs and carcasses from the small ruminants slaughtered in ELFORA export abattoir is estimated to be 79,894.58 USD. In conclusions results of the present study justify immediate need of prevention of various pathogens that causes organ and carcass condemnation and pathological abnormalities through development of animal health delivery, enforcement of slaughter policy, education on animal welfare/humane slaughter, and training of slaughterhouse personnel on standard slaughter operations.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia

  • School of Veterianry Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia

  • College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia

  • School of Veterianry Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

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