International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Special Issue

Taurine and Caffeine Supplementation in Energy Food Drinks: Uses, Side Effects and Quality Control

  • Submission Deadline: Jan. 30, 2015
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Ivanka Pencheva-El Tibi
About This Special Issue
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is an organic acid - derivative of cysteine which has a regular usage in energy food drinks. There are written many physiology effects of taurine which are explained with amino terminal group in the structure and sulfonic acid group moiety.

It takes active roles in conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization and modulation of calcium signaling. Taurine is essential for cardiovascular function, function of skeletal muscle, the retina and the central nervous system.

At the last few years on the pharmaceutical market there are huge number of energy drinks, food supplements and drug formulations containing taurine in different combinations. It’s lead to many questions about their preferences and warnings, protection of human health and regulations.

The wide-spread usage of energy drinks with taurine and combination with other biologically active compounds as caffeine increases the cases with unwanted side effects and requires the development of quality control procedures including analytical tests for identification and assays with accuracy, precision and selectivity especially for supplements which has free distribution on the market.

Aims and scope:
Taurine and caffeine as supplements in energy drink mixtures;
Uses and side effects of taurine;
Combination with caffeine – preferences and warnings;
Quality control of taurine and caffeine in food supplements – regulations and analytical methods;
Questions about energy drinks and human health protection.
Lead Guest Editor
  • Ivanka Pencheva-El Tibi

    Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy,Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria

Guest Editors
  • Petranka Zdraveva

    Medical University of Sofia, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, Sofia, Bulgaria

  • Svetoslav Stoev

    mr, Bulgaria

  • Shashank Tiwari

    Department of Pharmacy, Integrated Biotechnological Research Institute (IBRI), Lucknow, India

Published Articles
  • Review of Regulatory Requirements for the Safety Monitoring of Food Supplements and OTC Medicines, Containing Caffeine and/or Taurine Extracts Derived from Plants

    Svetoslav Stoev , Konstantin Kalaidjiev , Hristina Lebanova , Ilko Getov

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 30-34
    Received: Jan. 23, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 23, 2015
    Published: Mar. 05, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.16
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    Abstract: Globally there is an increasing popularity and constantly growing use of dietary and food supplements, energy drinks and medicines containing Caffeine and/or Taurine herbal extracts. The problems of the existing pharmacovigilance system are associated with the specifications of plant products and food additives: their different regulatory status in... Show More
  • Pharmacological Value of Caffeine, Taurine and Arginine in Nutritional Supplements and their Relation to Well Known Socially Important Diseases

    Yotova Maya , Kaloyanov Kaloyan , Donchev Petar , Pencheva Ivanka

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 24-29
    Received: Dec. 03, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 04, 2014
    Published: Dec. 30, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.15
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    Abstract: Caffeine, Taurine and Arginine are one of the most widely used supplements from people of all ages. There are lot of controversial information about their proper use and effects and side effects. Our goal is to determine the reasonable boundaries of using these supplements in healthy people and more important in people with socially important disea... Show More
  • Investigation of Some Pharmacological Effects of Caffeine and Taurine in Food Supplements

    Dobrina D. Tsvetkova , Radoslav C. Klisurov , Stefka A. Pankova , Branimir A. Zlatkov

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 18-23
    Received: Nov. 12, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 24, 2014
    Published: Nov. 29, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.14
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    Abstract: In modern times in all age groups energy supplements containing different amounts of Caffeine and Taurine are applied. Caffeine is purine alkaloid, which stimulates central nervous system action, enhances the strength and frequency of the cardiac contractions and increases the excretion of urine. Taurine is a sulfur containing amino acid, which pos... Show More
  • Analytical Methods for Quality and Quantity Control of Food Supplements, Containing Caffeine

    Papanov S. , Pankova S. , Ivanov K. , Ivanova S. , Doncheva D. , Pencheva I.

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 14-17
    Received: Nov. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 07, 2014
    Published: Nov. 12, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.13
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    Abstract: Many beverages such as soft drinks, coffee and tea contain the mild stimulant caffeine (C8H10N4O2). The caffeine content varies widely from about 100 μg/mL (100 ppm) in sodas to over 1000 μg/mL in certain types of coffee. For this reason the caffeine and the content in they need to be analyzed. A rapid and selective high-performance liquid chromato... Show More
  • Analytical Methods for Quality and Quantity Control of Energy Drinks and Food Supplements, Containing Amino Acids

    Ivanov K. , Ivanova S. , Doncheva D. , Georgieva M. , Pankova S. , Zlatkov B. , Pencheva I. , Papanov S.

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 9-13
    Received: Nov. 04, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 06, 2014
    Published: Nov. 12, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.12
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    Abstract: The need for analytical control of food supplements and “energy“ drinks containing amino acids is huge. In the literature there are describes various analytical techniques for their qualitative and quantitative analysis. Most pre¬ferred methods is HPLC because of its range, accuracy and speed. Despite the wide variety of methods, there isn’t cohere... Show More
  • Analytical Approaches and Methods in Quality Control Procedures of Energy Food Drinks Containing Caffeine and Taurine

    Katerina Atanasova Todorova , Ivanka Petkova Pencheva

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 1-8
    Received: Oct. 11, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 15, 2014
    Published: Nov. 12, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.s.2015040101.11
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    Abstract: Energy food drinks are carbonated drinks that contain large amounts of caffeine and sugar with additional ingredients, such as taurine, amino acids, vitamins and herbal stimulants as guarana. Their popularity among people especially adolescents continues to grow. The success of energy drink is related to their reputation of enhancing physical perfo... Show More