International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013

  • Effect of Vegetable and Animal Protein Sources on Renal Failure in Diabetic Rats

    Nadia Saleh Al-Amoudi

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 217-224
    Received: Aug. 02, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Aug. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: Objective: This study was carried out to determine the effects of vegetable and animal proteins on renal failure in diabetic rats. Design: We used male, adult Wistar rats [n = 90 rats] in which diabetic renal disease was induced. Intervention: Rats were fed either a control diet or diets in which the protein came from vegetable [soy, lentil, or whi... Show More
  • Assessment of Cyanide Content in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Derived Products from Senegal

    Séri Serge Guédé, Souleymane Traoré, Kouakou Brou

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 225-231
    Received: Aug. 04, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Aug. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: We investigated cyanide levels in four cassava varieties and some derived products from Senegal. The study was conducted on fresh tubers by sampling in three longitudinal positions (1/4; 1/2; 3/4) and four radials (A, B, C and D). In addition, the sampling of derived products was carried out by product types (chip dried, graded, unpressed and press... Show More
  • Proximate and Sensory Properties of African Breadfruit and Sweet Potato-Wheat Composite Flour in Cakes and Biscuits

    Eke-Ejiofor, J.

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 232-236
    Received: Jul. 29, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Aug. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: The study assessed the quality of biscuit and cake produced from African breadfruit and sweet potato-wheat composite flour. Four blends of breadfruit, sweet potato/wheat were prepared in the proportions: 20:80, 30:70, 40:60, and 50:50% and wheat used as control. Flour blends were used to bake cake and biscuit. Proximate, physical properties and s... Show More
  • Subchronic Toxicity of the Beverage Made from Cassia Occidentalis Seeds in Mice

    Véronique Josette Essa’a, Gabriel Nama Medoua

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 237-242
    Received: Jun. 09, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Aug. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: Cassia occidentalis seeds are commonly used in West of Africa to prepare a beverage which serves as a substitute for coffee, however these seeds are known to be toxic. A 20-day subchronic oral toxicity of C. occidentalis seeds and beverage was evaluated in male and female albino mice. Raw or roasted seeds of C. occidentalis were administered in the... Show More
  • A Study of Salmonella Carriage among Asymptomatic Food-Handlers in Southern Ethiopia

    Misganaw Birhaneselassie, David Williams

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 243-245
    Received: Jul. 28, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Aug. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: Background: Salmonella is the most frequently reported cause of food borne illness in Ethiopia. Objective: The aim of this study was to screen food handlers in the Dilla area of Southern Ethiopia and to assess the scale of carriage of Salmonella species and to offer prophylaxis followed by re-testing and advice on personal and food hygiene as appro... Show More
  • Analysis of the Proximate Composition and Energy Values of Two Varieties of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Bulbs of Different Origin: A Comparative Study

    Shovon Bhattacharjee, Abida Sultana, Muhammad Hasnan Sazzad, Muhammed Ariful Islam, M. M. Ahtashom, Asaduzzaman

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 246-253
    Received: Aug. 16, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Sep. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Due to its significant medicinal property, nutritional worth and energy value, onions (Allium cepa L.) impart numerous health benefits to users. The comparative study was conducted to investigate the proximate composition, mineral composition and energy value of red onions of Bangladeshi and Indian origin. Results of studied onion varieties showed ... Show More
  • Chemical Evaluation of Protein Quality of Sprouted Maize and Cowpea

    Malomo, Olu., Alamu, E. A., Oluwajoba, S. O.

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 254-260
    Received: Aug. 11, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Sep. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: This study was carried out to evaluate protein quality of maize and cowpea grains and the effect of sprouting on this quality. Both grains were germinated for up to 5 days and the protein qualities were evaluated chemically. The use of chemical evaluation is to circumvent the use of animal studies to monitor protein qualities in biological systems ... Show More
  • Development of Biscuit Type Cookie with Partial Replacement of Fat by Inulin

    Renan Estevam Lourencetti, Lívia Benossi, Diego Rodrigues Marques, Breno Miguel Joia, Antonio Roberto Giriboni Monteiro

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013
    Pages: 261-265
    Received: Aug. 15, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Sep. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Cookies are bakery products rich in fat and sugars. Lipids have in general important nutritional and technology factors, but excessive intake can bring health risks. The reduced caloric value and lipid content is a common demand among biscuits consumers, which come to own up to 60% fat. This study aimed at developing formulations of cookies with pa... Show More